Bridges: Analysis, Design, Structural Health Monitoring, and Rehabilitation

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Brian Rowe. Refrigeration Systems and Applications. Ibrahim Dincer. Materials and Design. Michael F. Design for Environment, Second Edition. Joseph Fiksel. Structural Concrete. Nadim Hassoun.

But What is Structural Health Monitoring?

Concise Dictionary of Engineering. Ron Hanifan. Design of Cold-formed Steel Structures. Associacao Portuguesa de. Advances in Human Aspects of Transportation. Neville A. Silicone Composite Insulators. Konstantin O. Topics on the Dynamics of Civil Structures, Volume 1. Hazard Analysis of Seismic Soil Liquefaction. Yu Huang. Design of Highway Bridges.

Richard M. Sustainable Environmental Design in Architecture. Panos M. Fatigue and Fracture of Fibre Metal Laminates. Practical Design of Reinforced Concrete Buildings. Syed Mehdi Ashraf. Reinforced Concrete Design to Eurocode 2. Giandomenico Toniolo. Analysis of Machining and Machine Tools. Steven Liang.

About this book

Understanding Built Environment. Fumihiko Seta.

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Purposeful Engineering Economics. Ronald A.

Michael N. Mingfeng Huang. Tubular Structures XVI. Amin Heidarpour. Biaxial Testing for Fabrics and Foils. Paolo Beccarelli. Peter Tregenza. From Poverty, Inequality to Smart City. Solar Thermal Systems. Dr Felix A. Radiators in Hydronic Heating Installations. Damian Piotr Muniak. Dielectric Elastomers as Electromechanical Transducers. Federico Carpi. Computational Ship Design. Myung-Il Roh. Ship Construction and Welding. Nisith R. Design and Analysis of Connections in Steel Structures. Alfredo Boracchini.

Barry Tillman. Their approach dramatically improves the viability of conducting asset portfolio seismic assessments, both from an initial and ongoing assessment point of view.

Their ability to assess a facility regardless of its age and the state of its documentation in a non-destructive and non-intrusive manner is critically important. Their ability to integrate their results with a structural finite element model ensures that this model is realistic and that this model has been cost optimized for the required performance. Federal Canadian Research Centres. Peter Slinn. Engineering Manager.

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November 30, April 27, PhD duo create incredible damage assessment software for earthquakes. October 15, MTLinTech interviewed Sensequake co-founders to showcase their technology and demonstrate its relevance. Partnership Opportunity. Baseline Analysis Ambient Vibration Test.

Non-Destructive Condition Assessment. Vibration Monitoring. The use of artificial intelligence also for the management of big data in the context of the continuous monitoring of infrastructures is also of particular interest. This session aims to attract academics, researchers, students and professional engineers involved in the advancement of monitoring solutions for critical infrastructures. Transport infrastructures such as bridges are essential for economic, social and territorial cohesion.

A key issue for safety in transport networks is infrastructure structural reliability, necessary for an efficient maintenance. Moreover in many cases those infrastructures, such as bridges, are going to be older and older, and load conditions are growing up more than those initially planned, as they are subjected to different hazards attributable to natural events or manmade phenomena.

Moreover, a large part of the existing transport infrastructures was built several decades ago, and thus deterioration phenomena and increase of service conditions more than those used in initial design traffic level for instance have contributed to reduce heavily structural performances and reliability level. Moreover growing people and gross mobility demand and aging constructions combine to amplify the global risk in existing infrastructures. In this light, their protection against external hazards turns out to be essential.

Structural Control SC offers a means to act on bridges in need of remedy under every-day loads, or of a performance improvement in view of changed code or environmental requirements. These aspects are becoming increasingly frequent, nowadays, for facing the new challenges of climate and environmental changes. For extreme events, e. For actions characterized by relatively low intensity and high probability, SC allows to extend the expected life e. This Special Session is devoted to the discussion of research achievements related to the aforementioned aspects, and to the exchange of design experiences related to control schemes and devices for flexible bridges and footbridges.

It aims to attract academics, researchers, students and professional engineers involved in the advancement of structural control solutions for bridges and footbridges in changing environment.

Design Knowledge Gain by Structural Health Monitoring

The construction industry can play a very important role to secure the sustainability of our society. Especially, bridges and other infrastructures are the key for that. In designing a structure, engineers have to consider sustainability elements, which include social, economic and environmental aspects through its life-cycle, by using appropriate indicators.

However, it is not so easy to find the best solution because we have to consider the balance of various aspects under complicated conditions. This special session discusses how we ensure the sustainability of bridges and other infrastructures in their life-cycles. This special session provides state-of-the-art research on these topics, newly developed testing methods, and the strategy for the maintenance and management of the structure affected by ISRs in the field.

Why We Need Structural Health Monitoring?

Fatigue is one of the indispensable problems when the bridge engineers consider long term management of bridges. It has been known that bridge deck is a typical member which is subjected to fatigue problem. There has been a lot of experimental studies relating to fatigue both on steel and concrete, while numerical analyses handling fatigue problems are developing in a decade. This special session aims to discuss design, damage prediction and maintenance plan of fatigue members based on any analyses. In particular, studies for concrete, cementitious materials and steel-concrete composite members are encouraged to be a part of this session.

Nondestructive Testing NDT plays a critical role in assuring that structural components and systems perform their function qualitatively in a reliable and cost-effective fashion while Nondestructive Evaluation NDE is used to describe measurements that are more quantitative in nature.

The demand for the development and efficient use of novel techniques comes from rapid, nondestructive, and accurate condition assessments and performance evaluations. The primary objective of the proposed session is to address advances in research, development, and deployment of technologies regarding assessment, monitoring and evaluation techniques of bridges. Structures and infrastructure suffer from deterioration over time due to aging, regular operation, harsh environmental conditions and extreme loading.

Deterioration may considerably reduce the service life and reliability of such systems, and is becoming a growing problem for all types of structures and infrastructures around the world. Once a structure or infrastructure ceases to satisfy a desired performance or reliability level, it has to undergo a repair or reconstruction. There is a need to model the deterioration and recovery of structures and infrastructures, and to find the optimal allocation of resources to maximize their availability over time and reliability at any given time, while minimizing costs.

This Special Session focuses on bridges and transportation infrastructure. It includes research on the modeling of deterioration and of recovery and resilience, on optimization of mitigation and recovery strategies, and on the overall life-cycle analysis. Ultra High Performance Fiber Reinforced Concrete is impermeable and has high strength in hardened state, as well as flowable, self-compacting and slope-stable in fresh state. UHPFRC has superior mechanical properties and durability, and is suitable for various applications, including the rehabilitation and strengthening of existing structures.

This Special Session aims to exchange and share recent achievements in this field to further explore the use UHPFRC to enhance existing reinforced concrete and steel bridges. The greatest challenge to the sustainability of concrete bridges comes from the deterioration of materials due to the ingress of harmful substances from external environments. Protective surface treatment through the use of water repellent agent or surface sealer proves to be a cost-effective solution for both the maintenance of existing and the durability enhancement of new concrete bridges. This special session is proposed to facilitate research exchanges and discussions on this important dimension.

Nondestructive evaluation NDE technologies such as Impact Echo, Electrical Resistivity, Ultrasonic Surface Waves, and Ground Penetrating Radar, have increasingly been used to provide quantitative condition assessment of bridge components. Nondestructive evaluation provides promising opportunities to integrate this rich and objective data with strategies for deterioration modeling and needs forecasting within Bridge Management Systems BMS , which still rely nearly exclusively on condition ratings obtained from visual inspections.

This special session invites research contributions directed towards advancing the development of bridge deterioration modeling methodologies incorporating NDE data. Case studies, project-specific implementations, and network-level bridge management strategies incorporating NDE data are particularly encouraged. Worldwide, more and more RC bridges are reaching the end of nominal life and corrosion of the re bars can led to serious damage. The correct evaluation of the capacity of bridges with corroded bars is of primary importance to evaluate the risk of collapse considering the modern definition of the action to date.

This special session aims to share the most modern experimental and numerical studies: monitoring, identification, assessing of corrosion, the corroded bars behavior in structures, repairs and reinforcement strategies, techniques to reduce corrosion, transformation of existing bridges in integral bridges to reduce corrosion effects. In recent years, many efforts have been started to improve the productivity of the entire construction production system by introducing ICT and 3D technologies in all business processes ranging from surveying to design, construction, inspection and maintenance.

The objective of this session is to encourage the state-of-the-art knowledge sharing of these technologies between industry and academia. The topics covers all aspects of them; e. The research object is not limited to bridges but includes all kinds of large-scale structures. Long-span bridges form vital transportation networks and essential infrastructures for economic activity. It is, therefore, important to keep sound functions for a long-operation time. Recently, it is common that SHM technology and preventive maintenance strategy are implemented in those bridges.

Besides, the potential risk of natural hazards is also increasing. This special session will discuss risk control, smart operation and effective maintenance of long-span bridges with using latest information technology and state-of-the-arts developments. The importance of data is emphasized day by day with the operation and management of bridges based on state-of-the-art technology in SHM.

This special session will share the best practice in utilizing field data obtained from a wide range of bridges and will provide a basis to discuss future directions. This session covers the area of field informatics, including topics such as: Assessment of operational effects; Automatic identification of structure properties and loads; Early detection and identification of damage; Aerodynamic monitoring; Automatic data processing of large databases; Fusion of data; Integration of SHM systems in the management of infrastructures; and Self-checking of sensors.

Integral abutment bridges IABs are rather common and popular due to their durability and absence of bearings and expansion joints. Monolithic connections between the deck and sub-structure enhance the structural redundancy and reduce the maintenance costs. However, soil-structure effects are induced by thermal variations, long-term effects and seismic loads. Several researchers have investigated the soil-structure interaction for IABs, but there is still a lack of common line design guidelines and codes.

This Special Session intends to provide a discussion platform for the exchange of knowledge concerning latest research developments on seismic behavior of IABs. This special session is inviting contributions from both academic and industry experts, bridge operators and owners of transport infrastructure assets. A metal spraying system applied to steel surface at room temperature had been developed about thirty years ago. The characteristics and steel corrosion inhibition effect of the system have been introduced in past IABMAS , , , and proceedings.

The metal spraying system has many construction results to steel bridges in Japan. In this paper, actual condition survey results for more than twenty steel bridges applied the metal spraying system in Japan from Hokkaido to Okinawa has been described. Degradation factors of the system in the long-term and consideration in the system application are discussed based on the above results. Fatigue retrofitting and life extension techniques for steel and iron bridges have developed remarkably all over the world. This is due to the many bridges that are found to suffer fatigue damage due to ever increasing loads, inadequate fatigue design, deterioration, etc.

Recent achievements in the field, include new post-weld treatments, bonded or unbonded strengthening, as well as advanced assessment. This Special Session aims to exchange and share recent worldwide achievements regarding life extension and retrofitting works.

Studies for exploring advanced fatigue design and assessment methods and improvement techniques are particularly encouraged to present in this Special Session. The special session aims at discussing the role of PBEE in quantifying earthquake risks and facilitating better informed planning and design of the built environment and exploring challenges to improve performance-based engineering to address specific aspects of resilience of bridges.

Transportation infrastructure supports economic growth and quality of life for citizens.