The editors are university history professors, as are most of the essayists. In lieu of a bibliography, each chapter has detailed endnotes, supplemented by an index and appendix. Although this page book is geared more for an academic audience than for the general reader, the reward of some heavy-duty reading is well worth the effort.
Among the Premiers covered in the book are a father and son — Rodmond P. Rachel Notley was appointed and sworn in as premier on May 24, , following her party's having won a strong majority in the general election , with 54 out of 87 seats in the Legislature. The NDP's surprise victory was attributed to the unpopularity of the Prentice government's budget, a strong performance by Notley in the leaders' debates, and splitting of the right-wing vote between the PC and Wildrose Parties.
On May 22, , Notley suspended a caucus member, leaving her party with 53 out of 87 seats, which did not change the balance of power in the legislature. The NDP held 52 seats at the time of the legislature's dissolution in March , and were defeated in the ensuing general election on April 16, , making it the first one-term government in provincial history.
On April 16, , Jason Kenney successfully led the United Conservative Party to a majority government in the Alberta general election, defeating the incumbent government led by Rachel Notley of the New Democratic Party with 63 seats and Kenney, a former federal cabinet minister, had entered provincial politics to became PC Party leader where he led its merger with Wildrose, and then won the leadership of the newly combined party, the UCP. Ernest Manning is the longest serving Premier at 25 years and 7 months. Dave Hancock served the shortest term with just short of 6 months in office as Premier.
The most recently former premier to die was Jim Prentice — , on October 13, From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Bowen the same day.
Premiers of Alberta. Politics of Alberta. Lois Mitchell Former lieutenant governors.
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List of premiers of Alberta
- Alberta Premiers of the Twentieth Century.
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Haultain — MLA for Macleod. Liberal Party Named leader in Organization of administration for new province; incorporation of City of Lethbridge, Medicine Hat, Strathcona and Wetaskiwin; establishment of court system; establishment of University of Alberta and of school system; creation of Alberta Government Telephones , extension of railway network in the province, labour laws, such as eight-hour-day legislation.
Attempted to establish fairer representation through Single Transferable STV balloting in the rural areas. United Farmers Named leader in Creation of Alberta Wheat Pool ; repeal of Prohibition and creation of government-owned liquor stores, creation of proportional representation in the cities through Single Transferable Balloting the Hare system , attempted to impose taxation on land owned by speculators standing idle, and on mineral resources, both over-ruled by the courts.
Sexual Sterilization Act ; elimination of Alberta Provincial Police ; creation of provincial income tax April, , legislation to control foreclosing on working but un-profitable farms. Government purchase of cattle from farmers who could no longer afford feed; cost-sharing agreement with federal government and railways to relocate farmers fleeing the Dust Belt. Social Credit Party Named leader in Attempts to implement social credit economic theory; issuance of prosperity certificates ; public works and debt relief programs to aid victims of the Depression; creation of Alberta Treasury Branches financial services institution, consolidated school districts into school divisions, imposed regulation on the oil and gas fields outside Calgary to prevent wastage of natural gas.
Abandonment of social credit economic theory; exploitation of Leduc oil fields; expansion of educational, health and transportation facilities. Progressive Conservative Association Named leader in Senate elections; failure to settle land settlement dispute with Lubicon Cree and Metis ; creation of Family Day. Privatization of Alberta Government Telephones ; opposition to Kyoto Protocol ; elimination of public debt through cuts to public sector and infrastructure; introduction of a flat tax on personal income; deregulation of electricity and natural gas industries; expansion of the oil and gas industry.
Ed Stelmach b. Alison Redford b. Fixed election period ; creation of Department of Human Services. Dave Hancock b. Progressive Conservative Association Named leader in interim. Proposed austerity measures to counter budget shortfall during a provincial recession. In the election, Lougheed and the Tories swept the Socreds from power, ending one of the longest unbroken runs in government at the provincial level in Canada.
While the PCs finished only five percentage points ahead of the Socreds, 46 percent to 41 percent, they reaped a major windfall in the cities. They took every seat in Edmonton, and all but five in Calgary. The nature of the first past the post system, which awards power solely on the basis of seats won, gave Lougheed a strong majority government, with 49 seats to the Socreds' 25 and the NDP 's one.
As it turned out, this would be the most opposition Lougheed would face during his 14 years in office. Lougheed spent most of his tenure as premier in a bitter fight with the federal government over control of Alberta's resources. His first term also saw the start of a decade-long development boom, and he later established the Alberta Heritage Savings Trust Fund , which used oil revenues to invest for the long term in such areas as health care and research.
Alberta Premiers of the Twentieth Century.
He won an even stronger mandate in , reducing the opposition to only six MLAs in total four Socreds, one New Democrat and one independent on a record He would lead the party to two more landslide victories in and His last victory netted the PCs a staggering 75 seats out of in terms of percentage of seats won, the second-largest majority government in the province's history. As a result, he governed with very large majorities for virtually his entire tenure and was in a position to enact practically any program he wanted.
Indeed, the six MLAs he faced in would be the most opposition he would face during his last decade in office. That served him well, since he was a Red Tory leading a party whose base was dominated by social conservatives in rural parts of the province. Lougheed retired in Don Getty , a member of the original PC caucus from and later a longtime member of the Lougheed cabinet, came out of retirement to succeed him. Lougheed had long [ vague ] been suffering from a heart condition and high blood pressure.
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In early September , his health severely deteriorated and he was taken to hospital, where he died of natural causes at the hospital named after him in Calgary. His body lay in state from September 17 to 18 inside the main rotunda of the Alberta Legislature Building. The national and provincial flags were flown at half-mast throughout the province. After lying in state, Lougheed's body travelled back to Calgary in a motorcade from Edmonton that followed a procession through the city, passing places of significance to Lougheed.
In response to his death, Prime Minister Stephen Harper described Lougheed as "one of the most remarkable Canadians of his generation.
In Alberta's Camelot: Culture and the Arts in the Lougheed Years , Fil Fraser explores how Lougheed government programs created a period of unprecedented growth for provincial arts sector, from the early s to the mids. The Tories were in office without interruption from until , usually with large majorities but nowhere near as large as the ones Lougheed enjoyed. Lougheed was styled "The Honourable" for the duration of his membership in the Executive Council of Alberta from to When he was appointed a privy councillor postnominal: "PC" on April 17, , the style "The Honourable" was extended for life.
In he was inducted into the Canadian Medical Hall of Fame. In Calgary an acute care hospital was named the Peter Lougheed Centre , where he would spend his last days. After his death proposals were made to rename Calgary International Airport in his honour. At the University of Alberta in Edmonton, a residence hall was named after him.
Premiers of Alberta | The Canadian Encyclopedia
The Honourable. Lynch-Staunton Helen Hunley. The Huffington Post Canada.
CBC News. The Canadian Press. May 3, Virtual Museum of Metis History and Culture. Gabriel Dumont Institute. National Post. Retrieved February 3, Ottawa Citizen. Retrieved May 9, Legislative Assembly of Alberta. Archived from the original on Retrieved In Bradford J. Rennie ed. Alberta Premiers of the Twentieth Century. Queen's University. University of Alberta calendar. University of Alberta.
University of Alberta centennial celebration. Peter Lougheed: A Biography. Toronto: McLelland and Stewart.